Category Archives: History Of Society Hill

Build a Business to Cement Your Liberty

Among the most basic of human desires is that of Liberty. Having the freedom to do what we want, when we want, where we want, how we want and with who we want gives us almost unsurpassed happiness. Even in our world where humanity is experiencing the most freedom per capita in the history of our race there is still a long way to go individually and collectively to attaining that degree of freedom that allows us to focus solely on what is most important in our lives.

Of all the governmental systems that have been tried and tested none has so thoroughly out shined them all than has a democracy that preserves a capitalist economy. Within this system men and women are free to perform according to their abilities and they are rewarded well for that performance. The better we perform, the better the reward. Now after centuries and millennia of civilization finally it is completely within the individuals power to maximize their God given right to be completely and utterly free, or not.

In a society run by money it is money therefore that will allow us to break the last few bonds and venture across the world and universe free to explore, learn, cultivate loving healthy relationships and be happy. Business is a means of getting away from business. We seek money so we don’t have to worry about money. Once we have obtained enough of it we can stop and focus on LIFE.

Seek to build a business that serves, improves and lifts mankind. Seek to build a business that doesn’t need you for it to be profitable. Seek to build a business that people will appreciate, with their wallets. Once you have accomplished that you will no longer be bound by money and you will be free to do with your time what you will and enjoy the best things in life.

Thrive Learning Institute is dedicated to enabling the dreams and life pursuits of their clients through high quality training and personal coaching. Visit their blog at Thrive Learning Institute and be sure to check out the Twitter Profile of Thrive Learning Institute

Liberty at a Crossroads in America

liberty bell
by shinya

There is a new paradigm sweeping America. You know you are about to hear a part of its gospel each time someone qualifies a statement with the phrase, “In the post September 11th world…” You’ve all heard it a thousand times over the past five years.

“Freedom of speech is great, but in the post September 11th world…”

“I don’t want the government eavesdropping on my conversations, but in the post September 11th world…”

“I don’t agree with the war, but in the post September 11th world…”

Americans have been a fortunate and relatively free people for a long time. The first part of each of these statements, demonstrates the strength of our belief in the principle of freedom. We know–instinctively–that a powerful, all-knowing, unchecked government is a bad thing, but we have been sold a bill of goods that liberty and safety is a zero-sum game. “And, in the post September 11th world…”

We’ve heard the phrase so many times now that we have become almost oblivious to its implications. Inherent in its context is a fundamental belief that the Revolution of 1776 is an historical failure. That while freedom of speech, personal privacy, and a small unobtrusive government are high-sounding ideals, they simply are not practical in the “Post…well, you know”.

Libertarians and others committed to the principles espoused in the Declaration of Independence and the Bill of Rights bristle at this clearly statist paradigm. The unfortunate truth, though, is that it has slowly seeped into the thinking of most Americans. Gradually, we have been acclimatized to the September 11th reference and its auto-response–fear. Many Americans have accepted this zero sum liberty/safety premise as the basis for their assumptions about foreign policy. A generation of children is growing up believing this muted version of freedom is all they have the right to expect.
We’ve stood by as liberty after liberty, right after right, check and balance after check and balance has slowly been whittled away in the name of keeping us safe from the boogie man. Where is the accountability? Where is the evidence that the liberty/security trade off–wrong-headed as it is–has even yielded the supposed benefit of greater security?

What is the answer to people who view personal liberty as a situationally expendable commodity to be jettisoned at the first sign of threat? I believe the antidote is libertarianism. In the modern political landscape, only Libertarians are positioned to lead the resurgence of personal freedom in America. Too many elected Democrats and Republicans have thrown their lot in with the statists. Their answer to any problem–terrorism, natural disaster, you name it–is more government. Even when they are demonstrably incompetent and negligent, they unabashedly come to us with a straight face and ask us to give them more power and control. Is that even logical?

These statists have gained power–in the post September 11th world–by carefully using fear to manipulate the American people into poor judgments at home and abroad. They have practiced violence and coercion in a way, frankly, reminiscent of the very enemy they claim to be fighting. They have no respect for Constitution or the law. They have subverted Jefferson’s words in the Declaration of Independence by asserting that our rights come from the government and are only retained at their pleasure. They believe September 11th is their free pass to do whatever in the world they want.

Thankfully, our Founders’ wisdom and commitment bequeathed to us a ready means of peaceful revolution–the ballot box. The time for change is now. Vote Libertarian this year when you can. When Libertarian is not an option vote for the candidate who seems to believe most strongly in our founding principles and is willing to help us turn the statist trend around before liberty is forever stifled in America.

Ray Davis is a writer and thinker from the midwest. His writing advocates the principles of constitutional government in the United States, individual liberty, and personal responsibility. He currently serves as editor of The Free Kansan — the official newsletter of the Kansas Libertarian Party.

The Shame Of The USS Liberty Revisited

Fortunately, or unfortunately, some news stories have lives of their own. It’s as if they don’t want to die, which is sometimes a very good thing. Such a story is the disgraceful tale involving the USS Liberty, a disgrace which began more than forty one years ago and continues to this day.

Neither the disgrace nor the shame of the USS Liberty applies in any way to its crew or to its captain, William McGonagle, who subsequently received the Congressional Medal of Honor in recognition of his bravery and refusal to leave the Liberty’s bridge despite being wounded. The shame is on America, the shame is on our shameless politicians, and the shame is on Israel.

For those still unaware of what transpired on the afternoon of June 8th, 1967 in the waters off the Sinai Peninsula, a quick primer: The USS Liberty was a converted Victory ship, a 455 foot American naval vessel then being used for intelligence gathering during the 1967 Arab-Israeli war. It was attacked by Israeli air and naval forces, strafed and torpedoed, leaving 34 sailors dead and 174 injured and severely maimed.

A confessed news junky, I had never heard about the Liberty until a decade or so ago, testimony perhaps to the massive cover-up that followed the attack.

Back in January, 2008, I posted an article on my website, an interview with Rick Aimetti, a petty officer first class assigned to Damage Control aboard that U.S. Navy vessel. He was one of the survivors and still vividly recalled the events of that day.

The fortuitous circumstances and the content of that interview are detailed here: “Remembering the USS Liberty,” (January 10, 2008,

A calm, reticent and composed man, Rick was nevertheless passionate in his recollections, especially about the friends he lost, but also in his certainty that it was a deliberate attack by a presumed ally on an unarmed American ship.

That assault continued for hours even though the Liberty was clearly marked and flying the stars and stripes. Subsequent waves of Israeli helicopter gunship pilots would later testify that no flag was visible, which was true. It had been obliterated.

Israeli helicopters first took out the ship’s antennae and shot down the flag mast before launching torpedoes in an attempt, first, to cripple the Liberty’s communications and, second, to sink the ship.

It struck me that with a new president taking office less than a month from today there was a possibility, however remote, that President Obama would do what eight presidents before him failed to do, namely, give official, government recognition of the Liberty heroes who died and were wounded that June day, and to acknowledge why they died and were wounded.

That Israel attacked and killed 34 and injured 174 Americans on the Liberty is indisputable. Israel ultimately admitted as much and paid reparations. What it never did was concede intent. Instead, Israel to this day alleges it was a “mistake,” a mistake which could only have been made by blind Israeli helicopter pilots and blind Israeli torpedo boat captains.

Petty Officer First Class Rick Aimetti was a witness and a survivor of the attacks on the USS Liberty but he can hardly be considered an objective observer. Running for cover, seeing your dead and bleeding fellow sailors, and trying to keep your ship from going down aren’t situations conducive to objectivity.

His status as an eye-witness has been supported by numerous other accounts, however. Our military and our politicians just love investigations, studies, and inquiries even if they rarely uncover the truth, that whole, nothing but the truth that scares the uniforms off our military leaders and which makes our politicians dive for cover when they can’t admit it.

Such is the truth of the USS Liberty. It has festered on some American consciences and in some American souls for over four decades now.

Five years ago, the National Security Agency, which was instrumental in the outfitting and in the mission of the Liberty, declassified, (under pressure), documents, recordings, and interviews relating to the assault on the USS Liberty:

Although that wealth of material and information is fascinating, it nevertheless is transparently slanted as can be seen in the interviews of personnel who admit to being pro-Israel and in the greatly redacted translated transcripts of the Israeli pilots:

Far more objective is this analysis of the events of June 8th, 1967: . There Eric Margolis dares to spell out the truth and dares to explain and substantiate what really happened that day.

The unvarnished truth about the USS Liberty is ugly and shameful

Perhaps President Barack Hussein Obama will address that truth and redress the grievances of the crew members such as Rick Aimetti?

One can always hope for “change” from Obama, no?

(To follow: “Reactions,” “Consternation,” “Blame.”

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History of Vietnam

Most people will be aware of Vietnam’s late 20th century history, but there is much more to Vietnam’s history than just the Vietnam War.

There is archaeological evidence to suggest human inhabitation several thousand years ago. By 1200BC, agricultural progress had led to wet rice growing and the making of bronze, evidenced by the number of bronze weapons, tools and drums found in the Red River plains.

In 111 BCE, the Chinese Han Dynasty consolidated Nanyue (now the northern part of Vietnam) into their empire and for the next 1,000 years Nanyue was under Chinese rule. By 938 AD, Nanyue had regained its independence and was then ruled by a number of successive imperial dynasties.

Between the 11th and 18th centuries, Nanyue expanded to the south conquering the kingdom of Champa and part of the Khmer Empire. The final dynasty, the Nguyen Dynasty (1802-1945), united the country into what we know today as Vietnam.

During the Nguyen Dynasty, Vietnam’s capital was in the ancient Imperial City of Hue, which contains Vietnam’s Forbidden City believed to modelled on that of Beijing. Unfortunately, the Forbidden City was almost completely destroyed during the Tet Offensive in 1968, but much remains to be seen in this important historic city.

The last emperor, Bao Dai abdicated in 1945 and handed power to the French-led puppet government. France had been eroding Vietnam’s independence since 1859 and in 1885 the whole country became part of French Indo-China.

The French forced significant political and cultural changes on Vietnamese society. A Western-style system of education was developed, and Christianity was promoted widely in Vietnamese society. the French largely ignored increasing calls for self-government and civil rights.

An independence and resistance movement began to grow. In 1941, Japan invaded and conquered French Indo-China and this saw the emergence of the Viet Minh, a communist, nationalist liberation movement led by Ho Chi Minh, seeking independence from France as well as to oppose the Japanese occupation.

When the Japanese were defeated in 1945, Ho Chi Minh declared Vietnam independent, but the French didn’t accept this, leading to war, which lasted until 1954. A cease fire was agreed and Vietnam was separated into South and North.

In the late 50s, the pro-Hanoi Vietcong began a guerrilla campaign to overthrow the government of South Vietnam, which they considered to be a colonial government in disguise. The USA, concerned by the spread of communism in S.E. Asia send “advisors” to help the South. By 1968, full USA troop action was being taken against the Vietcong.

Ho Chi Minh died in 1969 and never saw the victory he sought, but he is still revered among the Vietnamese as their liberator. His body is preserved in the Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum in central Hanoi. Long lines of people wait every day to file past him and pay their respects. Next to the mausoleum is the Ho Chi Minh Museum depicting where he lived and worked.

Throughout Vietnam are museums dedicated to remembering the war. In Ho Chi Minh City, is The War Remnants Museum, a must see for anyone interested in late 20th century history. In central Vietnam, in Quang Ngai province, lies the village of My Lai, scene of one of worst atrocities of the war. Mai Lai Massacre Memorial site has been built to remember the hundreds of innocent villagers shot by US troops. In Ho Chi Minh City, tourist can visit the many tunnels built by the Viet Cong under what was then Saigon. The 75-mile (121 km)-long complex of tunnels at Củ Chi has been preserved by the government of Vietnam, and turned into a war memorial.

The war lasted until April 1975, when all American personnel were withdrawn and Saigon fell to the Vietcong.
Today Vietnam is at peace for the first time in many, many years. You can visit Indochina Odyssey Tours to get more information about this.

Recommend Vietnam Tour Package:

Classic Halong Bay Tour
Mekong Delta and Angkor Wat

Indochina Odyssey Tours – Your trustworthy Indochina Vietnam tour operator since 1987. Personalized and worry-free service in tours, hotels and tickets in Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand.

Secret to Financial Independence

independence hall
by m+A+s

When it comes to financial independence, it often seems that there are certain members of society who just have a better chance of succeeding than everyone else. In fact, there is a anecdote that makes the rounds every so often that claims if you take a group of millionaires; remove all of their knowledge, wealth, and experience; and stick them in the middle of a desert with nothing but a gallon of water, almost every single one of them will be back to millionaire status within 10 years. While it is hardly ethical or scientific to actually put this theory to a test, the basic premise is pretty reasonable: the wealthy are wealthy because finances, investments, and making money are what they’re good at doing.

Financial Independence: Your Goals, Your Life

While it may not be your life goal to become a millionaire, it would be difficult to convince anyone that being financially independent or comfortably wealthy wouldn’t be a nice break from the routine of everyday life. Yet few people really take advantage of what they currently have to try and amass the kind of wealth that will allow them an early retirement or that beach house in the Grand Caymans.

The primary culprit? Not having solid, attainable fiscal goals.

This may seem oversimplified at first, but the fact is, most people view financial investments or long-term financial planning as something that can wait or that can be set aside when everyday life gets in the way.

The best financial advisors and investment firms, however, will tell you that the first thing you can do to start making the kinds of decisions that will create a solid portfolio of wealth for the future is to sit down and really outline what it is you want and what steps you can take to get there.

For example, imagine a family whose three children are only a year apart in age. They’re young right now, but the parents one day hope to see all of them in the college of their dreams. There are a number of steps that need be taken to make that goal a reality, and not all of them have to do with stepping up the piano lessons or moving to a neighborhood with the best public schools. In order to reasonably put three kids through college, it is best to create a financial plan with actual, numerical results at the end. Saving whatever is left at the end of the month is a good first step, but unless you sit down and look at what kinds of investments that money needs to go into to get the necessary percentage increase in 15 years, you aren’t following a financial plan – you’re just saving money.

The Bottom Line

Understanding that difference – the difference between saving money and following a financial plan – is what really separates the millionaires from the rest of the population.

The good news is, in today’s world, you don’t have to have the know-how yourself to move from saving to creating an investment plan. Thanks to financial advisors and other professional firms dedicated to turning fiscal dreams into realities, everyone can tap into the knowledge it takes to move – if not quite to millionaire status – as close as necessary to live the life you deserve.

Questions? Email me at and visit our website at New Money Talk is a weekly article focusing on retirement, personal finance, and estate planning. Comments and questions are welcome, but because of the volume of email, personal responses are not always possible.

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history of tea

Discovered in China, tea has exerted a profound influence on societies and cultures throughout the world. The tea story begins in China around 5,000 years ago. the legendary Emperor of China and inventor of agriculture and Chinese medicine was drinking a bowl of boiling water some time around 2737 BC when a few leaves were blown from a nearby tree into his water, changing the color. As a scientist, the emperor became intrigued by the liquid, drank some, and found it very appetizing and was pleasantly surprised by its flavor and restorative properties. He immediately gave the command that tea bushes to be planted in the gardens of his palace.

Thus the custom of brewing fresh tea leaves in hot water began and it quickly spread. After the creation of tea, consumption spread throughout the Chinese culture. In 800 A.D. Lu Yu wrote the first book on tea, the Cha Ching. His work was so explicit and complete that it projected him into near sainthood within his own lifetime. Tea production in China, historically, was a laborious process, conducted in distant and often poorly accessible regions. This led to the rise of many apocryphal stories and legends surrounding the harvesting process.

Until the fifth century A.D., tea was primarily used as a remedy, due to the medicinal benefits attributed to it. From this time onwards, China’s upper class adopted the fashion of presenting packages of tea as highly esteemed gifts and of enjoying drinking tea at social events and in private homes. At around the same time the Chinese tea ceremony began to develop and the tidings of tea began to spread as it reached Japan.

Advent of tea in the west

Tea arrived in Europe via Dutch and Portuguese sailors at the beginning of the 17th century. The tea trade was a significant factor in establishing connections between east and west. In China, tea leaves were used as a substitute for coins. In Europe, tea was used as a symbol of high status and as a stimulus for many technological developments. The locals had to make do with tea dust to make their brew. Finding the flavor strong, they experimented with milk and spices, sugar etc. thus their was a whole new evolution to the methodology adopted for the preparation of tea

At the beginning of the 18th century, tea arrived in Northern America, quickly becoming a desirable drink there as well. However the British later levied taxes on the tea commodities which greatly angered the general public. They exposed their frustration in the form of demonstrations and boycott movements that denied the ships carrying the tea items unload. One famous case was that which occurred in Boston, where a group of locals boarded one of the cargo ships and threw all their shipments into the sea. This famous occurrence in this regard was named the “Boston Tea Party”

A significant rise in tea consumption resulted from the appearance of tea bags at the beginning of the 20th century. With the various varieties of tea discovered, it is only but obvious that the entire world delves itself in the rich aroma of the brew. During the 20th century, the source of tea crops spread throughout the world, from Japan to Africa and South America. Towards the end of the 20th century, an additional rise in the western world’s tea consumption occurred and also in evidence was a demand for quality teas.

India, which is the largest producer of tea (off late, its position has been displaced by china) did not drink tea for pleasure till the British introduced the culture. It was primarily considered a medicinal herb and with the British establishing tea plantations along the borders of Assam, the tea culture was thereby introduced in India.

Whatever be the origin, tea has now spread across classes and ethnicity to every of the world and continues to evolve even as you read this.

ritu naiya

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History of Coconut

The coconut has been popular in lore and on palates for centuries. The coconut became known to the western world in the 6th century. For about 3960 years of the of the past 4000 years of the documented historical use of the fruits of the coconut palm as a food and a pharmaceutical. The general consensus has been that the coconut originated in the southwest Pacific and reached Africa later. Purse glove speculated that Malaysian sea-rovers introduced the coconut to Madagascar in the first centuries A.D and that from there it could have reached the coast of mainland East Africa.

Merrill declares that the words for coconut used in Madagascar also arise in the Far East and the Pacific. However, Sauer thought that the early presence of coconuts on uninhabited islands like the Seychelles and Mauritius strongly suggested natural dispersal. It follows from this that coconuts could have floated to East Africa. It was imported into Egypt from the Indian Ocean. Even today, India is the third largest producer of coconuts in the world. In India, coconut is consumed in the form of tender nuts, raw kernel, copra, coconut oil and desiccated coconut.

Coconuts are the fruit of the coconut palm, botanically known as cocos nucifera, with nucifera meaning “nut-bearing.” The uses so respected that they were documented by Ayurvedic medicine in Sanskrit from 1500BC in all areas relating to the mind, body and spirit. In Sanskrit, the coconut palm is known as kalpa vriksha, meaning “tree which gives all that is necessary for living. The coconut palm is widely recognized as one of nature’s most useful and beautiful plants.

Coconut Water

Coconut is a tropical fruit that is rich in protein. Coconut Water is more nutritious than whole milk – less fat and no cholesterol. Coconut water is good for people with kidney problems. Diabetics can also benefit from drinking coconut water.

Coconut Juice

Coconut Juice is the water from young coconuts; low in calories and high in potassium. Coconut juice is found inside the green (unripe) coconut. You should be able to hear the juice sloshing around inside an unripe coconut when you shake it.

Coconut Cream

Coconut cream may also be made with milk substitute of water to find a richer product. It is also a powerful ingredient for cooking and baking.

Get information on trendy hairstyles, hair trends and hairstyle picture gallery, including sections dealing with punk hairstyles and celebrity hairstyles.

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Lady Liberty Coins; A’ Must To Have’ Items For Collectors

liberty bell

Collectors do not have the same focus as to the items they are collecting. While some hobbyists go to the distant places to look for their finds, others have to spend big amount on the certain item for the completion of their collection. There are two motives that drive the collectors; the eagerness to earn and the desire to feel the fulfillment brought by seeing the collection completed after years of devotion to such hobby. There are many things to collect depending upon the line of the collectors. But the items that catch the attention of the collectors recently are old coins. Some may wonder what stored in old coins that made it the subject of bizarre collectors. Old coins as it sound are coins basically valued because of rarity and beauty rarely one can see to any of the coins nowadays. Speaking of beauty; one of the coins that collectors are competing to get is the versions of lady liberty coins. What made this coin very interesting are its constantly changing designs.
One of the earliest designs of lady liberty coins can be seen in the dime circulated from 1837 to 1891. These coins were composed of 90% silver and 10% copper minted in Philadelphia. Designed by Christian Gobrecht the dime in its obverse side is the lady liberty of a draping gown seated on top of the rock. She held at her left hand what seems to be the pre eminent symbol of liberty; liberty cap. On the right hand is the shield with diagonal banner bearing the word Liberty. The lady liberty is encircled with thirteen stars which represent the thirteen states. Just below the image is the year the coin minted. On the reverse side is the wreath tied in the bow and the words around it United States of America at the top One dime at the bottom. There are many varieties of liberty coin but another one that has a unique provocative design and a must to have item for collectors are the quarter coins in 1917. The lady liberty was inscribed standing in a vague clarity of a woman emanating to be top naked thus causing speculations of desecration to the well loved symbol of liberty. Because of the public clamor that issuance of coins with such design, the new version was released the following year having identical design but the beasts are fully covered this time.

Chris Johnstone
10 Carter Dr
Ontario Canada

India’s First War of Independence

independence hall
by gsz

India between 1858 and 1947 had been under British occupation. The occupation has been often called the “Raj” meaning “rule” hence the widely accepted phrase the “British Raj” covering the whole of the Indian subcontinent.

The British first came as traders in the form of “East India Company” under the banner of the British Monarch Queen Elizabeth I of England. These merchants came to the sands of Gujarat where they defeated the Portuguese hence befriending Jahangir, the son the Akbar the great, the Muslim ruler of India. The company eventually gained autonomy from British Monarch and started minting its own money and maintaining its own army.

It was in 1757 when Lord Clive defeated the king of Bengal “Siraj Ud Daulah” that gave the British the will and the courage to acquire the whole of India. Slowly they gained a wide territory from the north of the Punjab to the south taking Mysore from “Tipu Sultan”. Several local kings were made their subordinates and protectorates and paid a monthly tax to the company to maintain their territory. The “policy of annexation” of several princely states caused resentment among the princes. The policy was that if a kingdom did not have a male heir, the territory would automatically come under British control.

India’s freedom struggle started in 1857 famously described as the “revolt of 1857” or the “sepoy mutiny” by the British. Sepoy is synonymous to the current private in the U.S. army. The word sipoy is derived from Persian meaning a “sipahi,” still used in the Indian, Pakistani and the Bangladeshi armies. The Indians however, like to remember it as the first war of independence.

The cow being holy to the Hindus while the pig considered dirty by the Muslims, rumours spread between the ranks that the British had introduced an “Enfield rifle” that used cartridges smothered with cow and pig fat. Indian soldiers refused to use the cartridges that were alleged to be greased with the fat of cow and the pig. Mangal Pandey from Regiment of the “Bengal Native Infantry” of the “East India Company” refused to oblige and killed an English officer for insulting his religion. He was captured and hanged. This enraged other sepoys and they rebelled. They freed the sepoys that had refused to cooperate and fled. The news spread across other barracks. This single event on March 29, 1857 at Barrackpore, India; took shape as India’s struggle for independence. The first war of Indian independence was born.

BIHAR contributed a major role in Indian Independence.

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